HARRISBURG, DAUPHIN COUNTY (WBRE/WYOU-TV) Summer has arrived! Many Pennsylvanians are preparing to spend more time outdoors, Department of Health Secretary Dr. Rachel Levine is sharing important tips to keep families safe in extreme heat this summer.
“We want to make sure Pennsylvania residents enjoy these warmer months but also stay safe,” Dr. Levine said in a prepared release by the PA Internet Service.
“It’s important to protect yourself from harmful ultraviolet radiation and stay hydrated to prevent heat-related illnesses.”
Secretary Levine and the Department of Health recommend the following safety tips to help you and your loved ones prepare for the summer weather.
Remember to wear:
● Lightweight, loose-fitting, light-colored clothing;
● A hat or visor;
● Sunglasses; and
● SPF 15 or higher sunscreen (reapply as necessary).
To stay hydrated:
● Drink plenty of water throughout the day – don’t wait until you are thirsty!
● Outdoor workers should drink between two and four cups of water every hour.
● Avoid consuming caffeinated, alcoholic, or sugary beverages.
● Replace salt lost from sweating by drinking fruit juice or sports drinks.
To safely exercise:
● Limit outdoor exercise, and stay indoors in air conditioning on hot days.
● Exercise early in the morning or later in the evening to avoid the hottest part of
the day. (11 a.m. – 3 p.m.)
● Pace yourself when you run, walk, or otherwise exert your body.
To protect others:
● Never leave children, older adults, or pets behind in a vehicle.
● Check on those who may be more at risk from extreme temperatures like:
o Infants and young children
o People ages 65 and older
o People with chronic medical conditions
It is also important to know the difference between heat-related illnesses, like heat
exhaustion and heat stroke.
Symptoms of a heat stroke include a high body temperature (above 103°F); red, hot and dry skin, but no sweating; a rapid, strong pulse; throbbing headache; dizziness; nausea;
confusion; and unconsciousness.
If you think someone is having a heat stroke, it is important to first call 9-1-1. After
calling for help, get the person to a shady area and quickly cool them down by putting
them in a tub of cool water or spraying them with a garden hose. You should not give
the victim any fluids including water, to drink.
Symptoms of heat exhaustion include heavy sweating, paleness, muscle cramps,
tiredness, weakness, dizziness, headache, fainting, and nausea or vomiting.
Help the person cool off and seek medical attention if symptoms are severe, symptoms
last more than one hour, or the victim has heart problems or high blood pressure.
During extreme heat waves, cooling centers are opened in cities across Pennsylvania for individuals without air conditioning. To find a cooling center near you, please contact
your local municipality or county office.
Additional information on how to prepare for summer weather can be found on the
Department of Health’s website at health.pa.gov or follow us on Facebook and Twitter.